Diabetes is a condition in which excess sugar keeps circulating in your blood, and your body can not get rid of it. To absorb sugar from your body needs a hormone called insulin- produced by the pancreas. The essential function of insulin is to lower blood glucose levels. In diabetes, there is either no secretion of insulin from the pancreas- a condition called type I diabetes, or the receptors are no more sensitive to insulin- a condition called type II diabetes.
Type I diabetes usually occurs when a viral infection occurs or due to an autoimmune reaction- when the cells of your pancreas are damaged and are no more capable of producing insulin. Type II diabetes, also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, usually occurs due to family history, obesity, inactive lifestyle, or consuming a sugar-rich diet. If you have diabetes, you must visit an internal medicine specialist in Lahore.
With time, the cases of diabetes are increasing and, therefore, the myths about them too. All the misconceptions make it harder to cope with a certain health condition. In this article, we will bust the myths that we commonly get to know about diabetes. So, it becomes easy for you to cope with this lifelong condition called diabetes.
Myth no 01- both the types of diabetes are the same.
There is a myth that both types, type I and type II diabetes, are the same. But the truth is that they are quite different from each other. Type I diabetes occurs when your pancreas fails to produce enough insulin that can help get rid of excess sugar in your blood, whereas type II diabetes occurs when the receptors that have to be sensitive to insulin are no more sensitive to it. In this type, your body produces insulin, but it is of no use because it can not exert its action. Therefore in type II diabetes, the healthcare providers prescribe oral hypoglycemic medicines to sensitize your receptors. Whereas in type I diabetes, the only treatment until now is exogenous insulin.
The causes of both types are also different. Type I diabetes usually occurs when a viral infection occurs or due to an autoimmune reaction- when the cells of your pancreas are damaged by your own body and are no more capable of producing insulin. Type II diabetes, also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes, usually occurs due to family history, obesity, inactive lifestyle, or consuming a sugar-rich diet.
Myth no 02- diabetic people can not eat sugar.
People with diabetes must restrict sugar in their diet, but they can consume a little of it. They should eat a balanced diet that has everything in moderation.
Myth no 03- type diabetes is mild
Diabetes of every type is injurious for your health, let it be type I, type II, or gestational diabetes. Type II diabetes, if left untreated, can also become life-threatening. Therefore you need to take care of your blood sugar levels in all cases.
Myth no 04- only obese people get type II diabetes.
Obese people are at risk of getting type II diabetes, but it is not solely true. People who have a healthy weight can also get type II diabetes. Therefore you must keep your blood sugar levels monitored, especially if you are above the age of 45.
Myth no 05- people with diabetes will lose their vision and legs.
Diabetes, if left untreated, can lead to vision loss and may need amputation due to infections. But if blood sugar levels are kept under control, vision loss does not happen, and amputation too. If you keep your diabetes well managed and blood sugar levels under control, you can live a complication-free life.
Myth no 06- people with diabetes should not drive.
People with diabetes are at risk of doing accidents as they can pass out if hypoglycemia occurs. If they manage their blood sugar levels well, they can drive a car. Hypoglycemia is a preventable condition that needs the right management.
Myth no 07- people who need insulin have a severe form of diabetes
Management of diabetes depends upon its type. People with type I need insulin as management, while those with type II may need oral hypoglycemics only. It happens because, in type I diabetes, your pancreas fails to produce insulin. Whereas in type II diabetes, insulin sensitivity is lost.
Diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels remain higher than normal. It can become life-threatening if not managed properly. Therefore you must keep an eye on blood sugar levels to prevent complications. Moreover, do not make your life complicated by believing in false myths. If you have diabetes, you should attend daily visits to the healthcare provider. To consult with a healthcare provider, you can visit the best internal medicine specialist in Karachi.